What are the major classifications of the interview method?

What is an interview?

An interview consists of the conversation and consequent exchange of information, between two people or more. The interviewer asks questions of various genres to get appropriate and required facts and information from the interviewee. Interviews are an integral part of journalism;nonetheless, it also has enormous importance in qualitative research.

What should be kept in mind while facing the interviewers?

While facing interviewers, the applicant should understand the importance of the situation and therefore out in his/her best as these interviews play a very decisive role in shaping up a student’s career. The applicant should be confident and should be able to clearly communicate with the interviewer. He/she should know what to do exactly in order to make himself /herself acceptable to work in the company for which he/she is being interviewed.

What are the various classifications in interview methods?

  • Situational Interview:In these interviews, the interviewee is given situations and he/she has to elucidate what he/she would have done had they been in that situation. The interviewer analyses the answers and marks the applicant accordingly.
  • Traditional Interview: It is the typical kind of interview where the interviewer has a fixed structure for the process. There is a formal introductions followed by a question-answer procedure which is followed by a brief close.
  • Non-Directive Interview:This type of interview does not adhere to any specific structure. It is more of a conversation rather than a typical stringently structured interview. The interviewer might not intervene at all and judge the applicant on the basis of how well he/she has been able to communicate his/her skills, interests and capabilities.
  • Behavioural Interviews:These interviews are designed to gauge the reaction and the basic nature of the applicant, by making them reveal about their past behaviour in various situations. It has been observed that it becomes difficult to analyse the behaviour of an employee through structured interviews, hence many companies are using this technique to judge their employees better.
  • Screening Interviews:These interviews are typically scheduled for 30 minutes and are held during on-campus recruiting in various colleges and universities. Screening interviews might be styled in various ways: nondirective, traditional, targeted etc.
  • The On-Campus Interview: This interview is a very crucial and decisive one. The applicant should present himself in a manner that will satisfy the needs of the company. Here, the applicant has to sell himself/herself in the market effectively.
  • Structured Interview: This kind of interview includes situational questions along with other assessing questions. The same set of questions are asked to the different candidates. Such a method avoids any sort of bias that the interviewer might practice during judging the candidates.
  • Unstructured Interview:This kind of interview consists of questions that vary from person to person. It depends on the resume of the applicant. Such unstructured methods are often tricky for the applicants, as they have to be very careful about their demeanour, even in casual situations.
  • Semi-Structured Interview: This type is an amalgamation of both unstructured and structured patterns of interview. The interviewer asks a set of predefined questions to all the candidates along with certain question that pertain particularly to the candidate’s resume and his/her course work.
  • Case Interview:This kind of interview is prevalently held in consulting firms where the interviewee is tested for his ability of solving problems instantly. Logical comprehension, general and business knowledge along with communicative and quantitative skills are also tested.
  • Testing/Assessment:This procedure is undertaken as an initial screening method and has proven to be an expensive procedure on part of the employer. It is conducted to judge the consistency of a candidate in carrying out a specific task.
  • Telephone Interview:This interview is an effective way of screening candidates and reduce the number of candidates to be called to personal interviews. The candidate should keep a professional mind set during the interview even if it is not being taken face to face.
  • Video Conferencing: Video conferencing is conducted to cover up the distance between the employer and the applicant. The attire, attitude and dialogue are essential attributes that should be given special attention to while on a video conferenced interview.
  • Panel Interview:This kind of interview is conducted by more than two interviewers. Questions to the candidate is thrown from the interviewers and the candidate has to keep his/her cool while facing the panel. This kind of interview is aimed to lessen any bias pertaining to any interviewer.
  • Group Interview: This kind of interview involves simultaneous conduction of interviews of various candidates fighting for the same job. These interviews judge the applicant’s leadership skills and his/her capability to work with other employees. The interviewers get an idea of how the applicant is likely to behave if employed.
  • Sequential/Serial Interview:This type of interview involves the entire interview process to be conducted in a series of steps. The interviewee has to first give an interview to an interviewer then go to another one and thus the process of interviewing takes place serially. The interviewers judge the candidate heavily on the basis of the first impression they leave on the interviewers. The interviewers then together discuss the capability of the candidate and give the verdict about their employment.
  • General Group Interview/Information Session: This kind of interview is adopted so that time is saved and also so that the candidates are well aware of the details of the job and the company. This session is followed by the personal interview.

What is the role of interview methods in research and journalism?

For research essay or any qualitative purpose, the interviewer enquires about every aspect under consideration to get the most accurate results. The answers are many a times recorded so that it stands as proof. For any research paper, raw data is extremely essential and it is best got from people through well-organised interviews. For journalists, interview is the basic fundamental of any coverage. Getting an interview, getting out interesting and needful facts is an essential part of the journalists.

Interviews have a lot of impact on one’s professional career and therefore, should be prepared well.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Interviews in Research

What are advantages and disadvantages of using the interview method?

Any conversation that has been initiated with the purpose to acquire some requisite information can be considered as an interview. The person who initiates the conversation is referred to as the Interviewer and the individual who is questioned is known as the Interviewee. The conversation between any such two people should be free-flowing without any interference from an outside source. However, during such conversation, both the person should talk in a relevant manner without deviating from the chief purpose of the interview. This topic will provide a deep insight about the benefits and drawbacks of conducting interviews to obtain information.

The need for Interview Method:

The collection of data can be achieved in various ways. One such method of gathering information is termed as ‘Interview Method’. Interview method produces both qualitative and quantitative measures for the gathering of data. Interviews have an array of applications ranging from accurate predictions to interviewee’s performance for job for future etc. Interviews method offers an easy approach for procuring a favorable impression upon the interviewers, thus making a seat in the organization or in the job.

Interviews play a quintessential part to perform a detailed reasoning and understanding of any issue or information. It is also applicable for informative decision-making, and strategic planning of work, like in case of research essay. However, there are certain merits and demerits of interview method, whichare broadly described below.

Method for Interviews:

Interviews can be done verbally with the physical presence or it can achieve over the digital technology like telephones or over internet calling facilities’ like Skype or video chats. However, interviewer prefers to conduct the interview in the physical presence of the interviewee. This facilitates the perfect share of information.

The Merits of the Interview Method:
Some of the benefits of Interview method are enumerated as follows:

  • Proper Adaptability –Interview method is quite effective when it comes in communicating personal opinions, perceptions and thoughts. It allows both the interviewer and the interviewee to share balanced opinions without creating any diversion in the communication channel.
  • Rectification –Occurrence of any misinterpretation and miscommunication can be easily avoided, and rectified owing to the physical presence of both the interviewer and the candidate in front of each other.
  • Build up of relationship –Physical presence can prompt the development of a cooperative relationship and mutual understanding between the interviewee and the interviewer thus encourages for maintaining a steady conversation.
  • Additional Information are Obtained –Any additional detailed information is obtained in reference to any discussed content, with sharing of ideas about different fields of same context.
  • Selection of Interviewee –Physical presence can be of immense help as it enhances the chances to select the particular candidate during any interview procedure.
  • Gathering of primary data –Authentic, accurate data is obtained during the interview procedure, thereby helps to maintain the stock of primary data, which can be summoned when secondary data fails to offer necessary information.
  • Saves time –Interview method is by far, turns out to be time saving procedure for collection of data. It bridges the communication gap, thus communication can be accomplished within a short instant of time.
  • Inexpensive –Since the communication techniques like telephone, Skype chat are notemployed, therefore it prompts an easy, inexpensive means for communicating between two people.
  • Clear the doubts– Interview method turns out to be a boon for paper writing service, as it explores different sectors, highlighting the same topic from different referential views, thereby ensures a strong standpoint for any discussed work, thus providing conclusive results.
  • In-depth study –Interview method provides another noteworthy result as it allows both the interviewer and interviewee to ‘think outside the box’. It allows accumulating a vast array of ideas, thereby helps in formulating the accurate data for writing the paperwork.
  • Solves extra cost –While investigation method calls the need to hire local agents and correspondents, it therefore adds an extra financial burden to the procedure of data collection. Interview method, does not require the need for the 3rdperson to bridge the communication barrier. Thus, it prevents the extra cash flow. In addition, it averts the growth of conflict between the agents, thereby curbing inconsistencies.
  • Flexibility –Another advantage worth mentioning is the flexibility, which allows the situations to be analyzed and framed differently, thereby allows both the interviewer and interviewee to affiance over different topics.

The Drawbacks of Interview Method:

In spite of having several advantages over other data acquiring techniques, there are certain drawbacks, which stand to be a hindrance for interview method. Some of them are broadly discussed as:

  • Time-consuming –An interview procedure can be conducted over a large span of time, especially in the case of interviewing any eye witnesses for cases like murders or any criminal acts, just to arrive at some conclusive data. Also, interpretations of the results can be conducted in several ways, thus making the method prolong.
  • Biasing of judgment –Interview methods produce biased judgments owing to the decision of the interviewers and wrong information provided by the interviewee.
  • Incomplete procedure –As the interview is conducted upon preferred candidates, therefore certain ideas misses out which widens communication gap.
  • Improper skill of interviewer –Many interviewers lack cooperative and communicative skills owing which leads to failure for collecting of accurate data. This results in producing disingenuous and erroneous outcomes.
  • No maintenance of record –Since the interview procedures are carried out verbally, therefore an accurate record of the verbal exchange is generally made. This sometimes, may tamper with the final evidence, thus producing erroneous data.
  • Shyness –Interviewee often feel shy, uncomfortable when they are subjected to certain fields of talk. This can conclude with failed disappointed results. Thus, the subject of interview should be carefully chosen which may not harm the integrity of the candidate.
  • Requires dedication –For conducting an interview, there should be cooperation between the interviewee and interviewer, so as to obtain the accurate information. This procedure requires patience, and conflicting situations needs to manage in an influential manner. Conflicts may be able to widen the communication barrier.

Thus from the above discussion, it is lucid that the interview method is, by far, one of the successive methods for accumulating records. Due to certain flaws, especially social cues, which can sometimes act as a hindrance to this system of data compilation.

What and How a survey conducted?

What is a survey and how can it be conducted?

Another tool for acquiring information from any relevant sources is achieved by performing a self-administered questionnaire, which is referred by the term ‘Survey’. Generally, survey forms the path to seek answers for those questions which fail to produce satisfactory results from normal approach questioning sessions. Survey sessions can be monotonous, yet they are an important asset for procuring the right information. This article will provide a lucid outline for the steps required to perform a successful survey.

What is a Survey?

A survey is a tool for acquiring data to gather information from any individuals. Surveys are use to describe, compare, collect societal knowledge and formulate the results according to your criterion. A survey allows self-administrated data-collection without the aid of foreign source. Surveys are beneficial which allows one to implement their analysis with the hypothesis thereby producing fruitful results. A well-designed survey evokes the 3 questions:

  • The foremost goal for survey
  • The approach to perform the survey operation
  • The conclusion that can be achieved from the survey results.

Thus, survey always focuses on the factual information or it focuses on obtaining evaluations from the survey takers.

Why a Survey is conducted?

Surveys are executed in order to achieve the answers to certain questions, which fail to provide satisfactory outcomes. Surveys are prepared for the following reasons, which are enlisted below as:

  • Reveal the truth– Surveyors initiate a survey in a private environment in order to obtain a successful honest feedback, meaningful opinions for the questionnaires. Such surveys can be carried out over the digital media like telephone conversations, or through online survey through internet.
  • Form new questions –Surveys allow the respondents to communicate with the surveyors in order to reveal the truth regarding any question. Research workers or academic writers are highly benefitted with the survey operations as it allows the surveyors to dig deeper into the discussion. It also paves a way to evoke new questions, which were overlooked before. A surveys operation thus allows the topic to be considered from a broader perspective.
  • Formulate decisions –Surveys operations provide an extensive approach for executing decisions. They are conducted so as to formulate a set of unbiased verdict, depending upon which an analyzed result can be achieved. This provides flexibility for addressing the fundamental topics rather focusing on the irrelevant parts.
  • Result Evaluation –After analyzing results, comparisons can be drawn between the hypothesized result and the formulated results. This enables the surveyors to establish the valuable result without any judgmental biasing. Feedbacks and opinions provided by the respondents are considered valuable as it draws a subtle line between their needs and demands about the surveyed topic.

How can a Survey be conducted?

Surveys can be formulated by interrelating many questions. A survey operation can be executed by considering the following steps:

  • Defining the Field –The foremost step for carrying out a survey operation is to identify the field, from which positive and relevant values can be achieved. This helps in strategic decision making, and also presumes the relative cost for carrying out a survey operation. In addition, it chalks out the uncertain results that the survey will throw.
  • Defining the Cost –An estimation of total budget is made, so that the survey work does not exceed the estimated expenditure. Most survey operations are not economical as it consists of the following expenditure – the cost for creating the survey platform, the cost for spreading the news for the survey, the cost for inviting the respondents to take active participations, and the final cost for calculation of data followed by the strategic analysis.
  • Formulating the project –The survey is framed along with the cost and effectiveness of the survey. A general hypothesis is made in order to calculate the time for the respondents to participate, data analysis and producing the results. This has to be done in comparison to the orthodox method for survey, so as to procure a better result. Another thing that needed to identify is the bridge the communication gap between the surveyors and the respondents. Advertising agencies comes to foreplay by spreading the word through website advertisements. An effective benefit can be achieved if the respondents are provided with some rewards. Surveys are done for paper writing services in order to obtain information about the choices of the public. This produces a rapid answer.
  • Formulating a survey question –Generally, a series of unbiased, authentic questions are devised which can be answered by any cosmopolitan.
  • Choosing Audience –The audience can be reached by the advertisements. Now, a crucial choice is need to be done in filtering the audience who matches with the criteria to respond for the survey projects. The analyzed result needed to formulated correctly in order to obtain satisfactory outcomes. The greater accuracy level invokes more positive outcomes. So, only those respondents who show higher response rates for participation are preferred for the survey.
  • Determining the goal and deadline –Once the questionnaires have been framed and the respondents have been shortlisted, the internal resources required to carry out the survey is framed out. Then a definitive timeline is evaluated which would be necessary to continue the survey operation. This helps to conclude the survey operation on time, and helps to commence the specific tasks of the survey within a deadline. Thus, a strategic survey plan can be initiated.

The Pros and Cons of Survey Work:

Survey proves to be the most promising system for gathering information without producing any judgmental biasing. However, there lie certain benefits and drawbacks in survey strategies. Some of the benefits of survey are listed as:

  • Surveys benefits for accumulating an array of data within a short span of time.
  • Surveys are beneficial for research works as they are economical as compared to other strategies for data collection.
  • Surveys can be administered with ease.

However, there lie certain disadvantages, which are as follows:

  • Response rate can be biased as many respondents are shy to reveal their actual feelings.
  • Poorer response rate as many respondents do not find the suitable answers available in the options list. This happens mostly in the case of online survey.
  • Poorer administrative skills of the surveyors resulting in expanding the span of time, and thus increasing the expenditure cost.

Thus, the above article provides a lucid layout for the steps that needed to be fulfilled in order to complete a survey successfully.

Why a survey is important for any thesis or dissertation?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of using survey?

One of the primary tools to acquire information pertaining to any field of research or interest can be obtained by organizing a series of self-administrated questionnaires, which is referred as the Survey. Survey strategy provides an important tool to acquire information, whichcan be generated from the voluntary participation of the citizens. Surveys, thus fabricates the pathway to those hidden facts, whichweren’t much observant from ordinary discussions. This article will throw light about the strengths and weaknesses of different survey strategies used by different analysts and surveyors.

Why do we need to conduct Survey?

Generally, a survey operation is conducted in the hour of need when surveyors want to acquire statistical data about anything pertaining to their industrial work, or any issue, which possess a serious concern. A survey provides a platform to represent the definite capability of the huge population. As opposed to other strategies of data accumulation, survey provides almost an exact statistical figure of the surveyed item. Any well-designed survey evokes 3 major questions:

  • The foremost aim of the survey.
  • The cost and time required for the survey.
  • The total analyzed result obtained from the surveyed result.

Thus, a survey analysis always focuses on the evaluations provided the participants of the survey operation.

Techniques for conducting a Survey:

Any survey operation is conducted by any of the three mentioned approaches, which are itemized as follows:

  • Survey operations with self-structured questionnaires.
  • Survey operations with face-to-face interviews.
  • Survey operations over telephone conversations.

Self-structured questionnaires can be hosted through various means of digital technologies like email, fax, online survey question series etc.

Strength and Weaknesses of Questionnaires Survey:

This is the most popular approach to deal with any survey operations. Survey works pertaining to Research paper writing services and college paper writing services are completed using this technique. However, certain pros and cons exist which are highlighted as following.

The pros of Questionnaire method:

  • Anonymity –One of the major advantages of this method is that surveyor can remain anonymous. The questionnaires can be formulated by the surveyors of any industrial firm and then release it globally over the internet. This masks the identity of the surveyors, thus the audience can participate in the survey without discrimination or judgmental biasing.
  • Formulate accurate result –Questionnaire series produces accurate and authentic results based on the opinions of the audience, therefore, adds consistency to this design.
  • Inexpensive –Since internet allows the surveyors reach the audience irrespective of geographical boundaries, questionnaire series becomes less costly compared to other methods like interview, which demands the presence of the investigators in that location.
  • Less time –Questionnaires broadcasted over internet prevents consumption of time, as it provides flexibility to approach different participants together at the same time. This provides a meticulous approach for marketing dissertation as it produces accurate analysis.
  • Flexibility –It is a flexible approach as it allows the participants to share information according to their will. Thus, it safeguards participant’s choices, thereby encouraging more audience to partake in the survey.

The cons of Questionnaire Method:

  • Limited Choices –Questionnaires pose a major problem, which is lack of choices. This pose to be a major threat as participants, sometimes are unable to find the answers according to their will.
  • Cooperation Problem –Since there is no direct interaction between the surveyors and participants, the communication channel widens, thereby decreases the web traffic.
  • Unwillingness of Interviewer –The questionnaire comes to a conclusion, if there is unwillingness from the side of the interviewer to encourage the participants to contribute actively.

Strength and Weaknesses of Face-to-Face Survey interview:

This method produces the most accurate survey analysis, as it bridges the interaction gap between the surveyor and the participants. There lie certain flaws in this strategy, yet, it proves to be one of the powerful and tactful approaches for information accretion.

The benefits of the Face-to-face Survey are:

  • Proper Response –This survey strategy provides the maximum flexibility as it bridges the communication gap, thus, there is 100% involvement between the researcher and the participant. This increases the response rate from the audience.
  • Questions can be framed –This methodology allows the interviewer to frame the successive chain of questions depending upon the previous responses. Thus, it safeguards the sentiment of the audience.
  • Better feedback –Because this methodology involves physical presence of both the surveyor and the candidate, it offers a podium for the candidate to speak at their heart out. There will an increased rate of information exchange, consecutively, the survey process can expand its time span. Research work is highly benefitted from this approach, as they need precise information for their paper.

The drawbacks of Face-to-Face Survey:

  • Expensive and Time Consuming –This methodology turns out to be expensive, as it subjects only comparatively fewer candidate at a time. This increases the survey expenditure cost, and also the survey operation extends over the deadline.
  • Difficulty to Analyze –Since a large amount of information is generated in the conversation methodology; it becomes complicated to segregate out the accurate and precise information from the bulk of data.
  • Lack of Skill –The situation becomes tricky if the surveyor is not skilled enough to procure the rightful information from the candidate. The surveyor may harm the integrity of the candidate by subjecting biased questions to them.

Strengths and Weaknesses of the Telephone Survey:

Telephone survey proves to be successful for information gathering as it is a reliable and cheap methodology. The strengths and weakness of telephone survey are enumerated below.

Strengths of Telephone Survey:

  • Cost efficient –Telephone survey proves to be one of the cheap and cost-effective procedures to reach any candidate irrespective of geographical position. Thus, it allows in performing global statistical survey.
  • Efficient –This methodology is efficient in time management, as more people can be surveyed in short time span. Within a deadline, information exchanging procedure is carried out, thus is benefits in interviewing multiple audience quickly.

Weaknesses of Telephone Survey:

  • Low Response Rate –Often there is unwillingness in the part of the respondent to respond in telephone survey, thus, there is typically low response rate.
  • Question Complexity –Telephone survey is targeted to only a particular class of audience. Therefore, it cannot reach to those audiences who have limited literacy.
  • Anonymity –Both the surveyor and the respondent remains anonymous to each other, thus, detailed information cannotbe obtained easily. This proves to be a drawback for research paper writing.