What is referencing? What does it include?
Any academic work, be it a general essay writing for senior school or custom term paper writing for college or even research papers for scholars, requires proper writing style and content along with correct and accurate referencing that would, no doubt, add substantial volume and depth to the paper of the academic writer. This referencing which is quite common in such writings is actually an acknowledgement of the contribution of the various authors and researchers or books, reports, papers and several other published or unpublished study materials that you have directly or indirectly used or taken help of while writing your research or thesis paper or likewise. Again, this referencing does not only depend upon a particular quotation or citation. Any borrowed idea, concept, picture or even a single terminology comes under referencing. A proper referencing in an academic work usually appears twice – once, as footnotes to where the citations and references are made and then again at the end of the research essay paper in a bibliography or reference list with complete details of the sources.
How does referencing help? Why does one need referencing in an academic work?
Since referencing, in a way, shows the academic writer’s acknowledging spirit and respect for the intellectual property rights of the scholar and his sincerity towards the subject as a whole, it increases the writer’s prestige among his or her colleagues and creates a rather good impression of him in the academic world. Moreover, it reflects the present writer’s thorough research in such related topics as his own and his vast knowledge, since to cite or to give reference in a research essay means a proper insight and considerable command over that topic or source. Therefore, reference also provides your research essay or paper a firm grounding and act as evidences of its credibility, reliability and even authenticity. Your references are basically serve the purpose of supporting your assertions and inferences and are incorporated into paper in order to strengthen your points and your observations. Thus, the stronger and better built your references are, the more credits and applauds go to your research paper. These things, in fact, also make an academic work persuasive for both the general and the academic readers. Again, proper referencing means to be well acquainted with the works and writings of other related or likewise authors and academic writers and to give due and full credits to their assertions.
What is the importance of correct referencing in any academic writing? Its significance…
Correct referencing is a vital aspect of referencing in any academic work. Be it any general custom term paper writing or some scholarly essay paper writing, a referencing can make or break your entire work in seconds. While, on the one hand, a good and correct essay demonstrates to all the writer’s profound understanding, comprehension and intense familiarity with the subject or topic, on the other, a false, inaccurate or improper reference might demean his or her esteem in the eyes of other academic writers and researchers and thus might become a cause of perpetual embarrassment for the academician. Most importantly, it might nullify the entire hard work and sincere labor and effort put by the academic writer and thus the entire research or term paper work might even get rejected. Added to this is the scope of the charges of plagiarism against the academic writer if he or she is not careful enough to mention all the references with proper precision. This might then lead to legal problems and court cases, which might ruin the writer’s reputation. Generally, a research paper is thus written with the help of a professional research paper or term paper writer available through various websites.
What are the various information sources that require reference?
In many situations and cases, it has been seen that students and scholars are confused regarding exactly what and how much to be used as referencing. A general idea that words, sentences or quotations taken from any books or any such literary sources, however, might get the academic writers in neck deep trouble for, as mentioned earlier, any idea, image or information taken from any source needs to be mentioned as a reference. The following are the general sources where a reference is needed:
- In case of any kind of pamphlets or brochures issued by any organization
- Newspapers, magazines, leaflets, articles etc
- Journals, books and other research papers or materials
- Films, tele-films, documentaries, television programs, promotional or advertisements
- Any personal or group interview
- Websites or any such online sources or discussion forums
- Letters, Documents, emails or any such group sessions
- Any image, diagram, picture, illustration or chart
- Any group lecture, tutorials, seminars or meetings under any particular organization
What are the information sources that need no reference?
However, there are certain sources that need not be mentioned in references or citations. They are generally accepted as common information and have no copyrights as such. Those sources include the following:
- Any personal experience or source
- Any personal observation, inference or experiment result
- Any common knowledge
- Any kind of personal thought, analysis, evaluation, comments or belief
- Any universally accepted belief, fact, information or observation based on any given discipline or stream
- Any traditionally accepted folklore or customs
Citation – a form of reference. What is it?
In the process of writing an academic work, every time while making a reference of any information or any such thing in it, the footnotes that are added instantly on that very page are normally referred to as citations. These citations are not always necessary but are made on some specific cases. These particular cases include the following:
- Paraphrase/s from some other author’s writings or analysis
- Any direct quote
- Any direct or indirect reference to some other author’s or artist’s work or ideas
- Any discussion or analysis by some other personality