What is an interview?
An interview consists of the conversation and consequent exchange of information, between two people or more. The interviewer asks questions of various genres to get appropriate and required facts and information from the interviewee. Interviews are an integral part of journalism;nonetheless, it also has enormous importance in qualitative research.
What should be kept in mind while facing the interviewers?
While facing interviewers, the applicant should understand the importance of the situation and therefore out in his/her best as these interviews play a very decisive role in shaping up a student’s career. The applicant should be confident and should be able to clearly communicate with the interviewer. He/she should know what to do exactly in order to make himself /herself acceptable to work in the company for which he/she is being interviewed.
What are the various classifications in interview methods?
- Situational Interview:In these interviews, the interviewee is given situations and he/she has to elucidate what he/she would have done had they been in that situation. The interviewer analyses the answers and marks the applicant accordingly.
- Traditional Interview: It is the typical kind of interview where the interviewer has a fixed structure for the process. There is a formal introductions followed by a question-answer procedure which is followed by a brief close.
- Non-Directive Interview:This type of interview does not adhere to any specific structure. It is more of a conversation rather than a typical stringently structured interview. The interviewer might not intervene at all and judge the applicant on the basis of how well he/she has been able to communicate his/her skills, interests and capabilities.
- Behavioural Interviews:These interviews are designed to gauge the reaction and the basic nature of the applicant, by making them reveal about their past behaviour in various situations. It has been observed that it becomes difficult to analyse the behaviour of an employee through structured interviews, hence many companies are using this technique to judge their employees better.
- Screening Interviews:These interviews are typically scheduled for 30 minutes and are held during on-campus recruiting in various colleges and universities. Screening interviews might be styled in various ways: nondirective, traditional, targeted etc.
- The On-Campus Interview: This interview is a very crucial and decisive one. The applicant should present himself in a manner that will satisfy the needs of the company. Here, the applicant has to sell himself/herself in the market effectively.
- Structured Interview: This kind of interview includes situational questions along with other assessing questions. The same set of questions are asked to the different candidates. Such a method avoids any sort of bias that the interviewer might practice during judging the candidates.
- Unstructured Interview:This kind of interview consists of questions that vary from person to person. It depends on the resume of the applicant. Such unstructured methods are often tricky for the applicants, as they have to be very careful about their demeanour, even in casual situations.
- Semi-Structured Interview: This type is an amalgamation of both unstructured and structured patterns of interview. The interviewer asks a set of predefined questions to all the candidates along with certain question that pertain particularly to the candidate’s resume and his/her course work.
- Case Interview:This kind of interview is prevalently held in consulting firms where the interviewee is tested for his ability of solving problems instantly. Logical comprehension, general and business knowledge along with communicative and quantitative skills are also tested.
- Testing/Assessment:This procedure is undertaken as an initial screening method and has proven to be an expensive procedure on part of the employer. It is conducted to judge the consistency of a candidate in carrying out a specific task.
- Telephone Interview:This interview is an effective way of screening candidates and reduce the number of candidates to be called to personal interviews. The candidate should keep a professional mind set during the interview even if it is not being taken face to face.
- Video Conferencing: Video conferencing is conducted to cover up the distance between the employer and the applicant. The attire, attitude and dialogue are essential attributes that should be given special attention to while on a video conferenced interview.
- Panel Interview:This kind of interview is conducted by more than two interviewers. Questions to the candidate is thrown from the interviewers and the candidate has to keep his/her cool while facing the panel. This kind of interview is aimed to lessen any bias pertaining to any interviewer.
- Group Interview: This kind of interview involves simultaneous conduction of interviews of various candidates fighting for the same job. These interviews judge the applicant’s leadership skills and his/her capability to work with other employees. The interviewers get an idea of how the applicant is likely to behave if employed.
- Sequential/Serial Interview:This type of interview involves the entire interview process to be conducted in a series of steps. The interviewee has to first give an interview to an interviewer then go to another one and thus the process of interviewing takes place serially. The interviewers judge the candidate heavily on the basis of the first impression they leave on the interviewers. The interviewers then together discuss the capability of the candidate and give the verdict about their employment.
- General Group Interview/Information Session: This kind of interview is adopted so that time is saved and also so that the candidates are well aware of the details of the job and the company. This session is followed by the personal interview.
What is the role of interview methods in research and journalism?
For research essay or any qualitative purpose, the interviewer enquires about every aspect under consideration to get the most accurate results. The answers are many a times recorded so that it stands as proof. For any research paper, raw data is extremely essential and it is best got from people through well-organised interviews. For journalists, interview is the basic fundamental of any coverage. Getting an interview, getting out interesting and needful facts is an essential part of the journalists.
Interviews have a lot of impact on one’s professional career and therefore, should be prepared well.